Care for Hard Surfaces

Surface Items Routine Care Special Instructions
Decorative Objects Dust regularly with a clean soft cloth or the brush attachment of a vacuum.Use a cleaner formulated for acrylic. Or, wash in warm, clean water and dry immediately using a clean, soft cloth. Avoid scratching acrylic surfaces.
Bathtubs
Spas
Whirlpools
Follow fixture manufacturer’s care instructions. Surfaces of spas and whirlpools can be sensitive to some household cleaners.
Surface Items Routine Care Special Instructions
Glass Cooktops Using a non-abrasive sponge, paper towel, or clean cloth, apply a cleaner formulated for ceramic glass or a paste of baking soda and water. Rinse and dry thoroughly. Wait until cooktop has cooled before cleaning.
Do not use abrasive cleansers.
Do not use cleaners containing ammonia or bleach as they may discolour the surface.
Use only clean cloths/sponges. Soiled cloths may leave a film and cause discolouration.
Bathtubs
Countertops
Floors
Showers
Walls
Use a non-abrasive, all-purpose cleaner (diluted or full strength); tub/tile/sink cleaner; or liquid cleanser. Rinse thoroughly with clean water and buff tiles with a dry cloth to prevent water spots. The easiest way to keep tiled shower walls clean is to wipe them down with a towel after each use. This will keep soap scum and hard water deposits from accumulating.Avoid using powdered abrasive cleansers that could scratch the surface.Use a soft bristle brush to clean grout.A solution of liquid household bleach (sodium hypochlorite)(3/4 cup of bleach to 1 gallon water), or a mildew stain remover applied carefully with a brush helps clean stained or mildewed grout. Rinse thoroughly.
Surface Items Routine Care Special Instructions
Flooring Wipe up spills with a damp sponge or cloth as soon as they occur. Cork is porous and absorptive; a sealer or protective coating should be applied for resistance to spills and wear. Avoid using water.
Wall Coverings Use a floor wax regularly to protect the surface and a sealer to add a protective coating. Follow label directions.
Surface Items Routine Care Special Instructions
Bathtubs
Shower Stalls
Sinks
Use a tub/tile/sink cleaner; non-abrasive, all purpose cleaner or baking soda on the surface. Rub the surface gently, rinse or wipe clean. Follow fixture manufacturer’s care instructions.Avoid using abrasive cleansers and pads that could scratch, discolour or dull a fibreglass fixture.An acid base bathroom cleaner may be useful to help remove hard water deposits and rust scale.
Surface Items Routine Care Special Instructions
Doors
Mirrors
Table Protectors
Table Tops
Windows
Use a glass or glass and multi-surface cleaner. Or combine 1/2 cup of ammonia in a gallon of water. Wet a sponge or cloth with the ammonia solution. Rinse with a clean, damp cloth and dry with a clean cloth, paper towels or a squeegee. Keep cleaning product away from the frame of a picture or mirror by spraying product on a clean cloth then cleaning the glass or mirror. Or, hold cardboard or a cloth against the frame while spraying cleaner.
Shower Doors
Enclosures
Use a non-abrasive, all-purpose cleaner, glass and multi-surface cleaner or a tub/tile/sink cleaner. Keep shower doors ajar and enclosures open so that air can circulate to reduce mildew growth.
Surface Items Routine Care Special Instructions
Furniture Use a foam, paste soap or cleaner designed for cleaning and conditioning leather. Follow furniture manufacturer’s care instructions.
Surface Items Routine Care Special Instructions
Counters
Floors
Tabletops
Walls
Wipe up spills and spots immediately. Use a product formulated for cleaning marble. Avoid using acid type cleaners or spilling acids on marble. Pitting and staining can result
Surface Items Routine Care Special Instructions
Aluminum Appliances, Accessories, or Trim Clean with a non-abrasive all-purpose cleaner, using a sponge or cloth. Rinse with a sponge or cloth wrung from clean water; dry with a clean, soft cloth. Heavily soiled surfaces may require multiple cleanings or soaking in a solution of non-abrasive, all-purpose cleaner and warm water.
Aluminum Outdoor Furniture Clean with a non-abrasive, all-purpose cleaner, using a sponge or cloth. Rinse with a sponge or cloth wrung from clean water; dry with a clean, soft cloth. Use a steel wool soap pad to remove stubborn soils. Protect furniture by applying a coat of paste wax and buff with a clean, soft cloth.Clean strap type furniture with a vinyl cleaner that contains bleach. Spray surface with cleaner, keeping surface wet for 5 minutes to give the bleach a chance to work on any mildew stains. Scrub out stains on acrylics using a synthetic sponge, or use a plastic scrub on polyesters. Rinse and dry thoroughly.Remove suntan lotion from synthetic cushions with a household cleaner containing pine oil.
Aluminum Window Blinds Dust regularly with a clean, soft cloth, or the brush attachment of the vacuum. Clean with water, gently scrubbing with a sponge or cloth. Dry with a clean, soft cloth. Follow blind manufacturer’s care instructions.
Decorative Brass Objects For lacquered brass, rinse with warm water and dry with a soft cloth. To remove tarnish from unlacquered brass only, use a brass cleaner according to the label directions. Brass items coated with a lacquered finish require only dusting and an occasional rinsing in water. Dry with a clean, soft cloth. Do not use any cleaner on lacquered brass items.
Brass Faucets The ideal cleaning technique is to wipe the faucet dry whenever water is splashed on it. Water deposits will not form if water is not allowed to evaporate on the surface.Use a brass cleaner. Follow faucet manufacturer’s care instructions.
Chrome-plated Steel Appliance
Trim
Clean with a non-abrasive, all-purpose cleaner, using a sponge or cloth. Rinse with a sponge or cloth wrung from clean water; dry with a clean, soft cloth. Refer to appliance manufacturer’s use and care manual for any special cleaning instructions.
Chrome-plated Steel Faucets Clean with a damp sponge using a tub/tile/sink cleaner; abrasive or non-abrasive, all-purpose cleaner; glass cleaner or glass and multi-surface cleaner. Rinse and buff with a clean, soft cloth. Follow faucet manufacturer’s care instructions
Copper Decorative Objects For lacquered copper, rinse with warm water and dry with a soft cloth. To remove tarnish from unlacquered copper only, use a copper cleaner according to label directions. Copper items coated with a lacquered finish require only dusting and an occasional rinsing in water. Dry with a clean, soft cloth. Do not use any cleaner on lacquered copper items
Painted Steel Acrylic or Baked Enamel Appliance Exteriors, Cabinets, or Portable Appliances Clean with a non-abrasive, all-purpose cleaner, using a sponge or cloth. Rinse with a sponge or cloth wrung from clean water; dry with a clean, soft cloth. Or, apply a creamy liquid kitchen wax that cleans and protects the surface as it is applied. Apply wax to a dampened cloth, and clean a small area (about a square foot) at a time. Buff with a clean dry cloth while wax is still moist. Avoid using abrasive cleaners that could scratch the surface.Appliances should be waxed only 3-4 times a year. Excess wax can build up, especially on textured surfaces.
Stainless Steel Appliance Exteriors, Trims, Range Tops, or Sinks Clean with a stainless steel cleaner or an all-purpose cleaner or cleanser, using a sponge or cloth. Remove any stubborn stains using a paste of baking soda and water applied with a sponge or cloth. Rinse with a sponge or cloth wrung from clean water; dry with a soft, clean cloth. Or, use a glass or glass and multi-surface cleaner. Towel dry to avoid water spots.For heavy soils on a range top, spray soil with a non-abrasive, all-purpose cleaner. Then, cover with a damp paper towel for 15 minutes. Gently scrub clean.
Vinyl-coated Steel Appliance Exteriors or Trims Clean with a non-abrasive, all-purpose cleaner, using a sponge or cloth. Rinse with a sponge or cloth wrung from clean water; dry with a clean, soft cloth. Or, use a glass or glass and multi-surface cleaner. The surface can be scratched, punctured or gouged, so care should be taken in cleaning.
Surface Items Routine Care Special Instructions
Ceilings
Furniture
Walls
Woodwork
Test the washability of the surface by first washing an inconspicuous area. Use a non-abrasive, all-purpose cleaner or a wood cleaner. For walls, start at the bottom of the wall and work up to the ceiling, overlapping areas as you clean and using a circular motion. In this way, any dirty streaks can be wiped off the clean area and will not leave marks that are hard to remove.
Surface Items Routine Care Special Instructions
Appliances
Accessories
Trim
Use a non-abrasive, all-purpose cleaner. Rinse with clean water and dry with a clean, soft cloth. Avoid using abrasive cleanser that may scratch the plastic.
Bathtubs
Shower Stalls
Sinks
Wall Tile
Use a tub/tile/sink cleaner; non-abrasive, all-purpose cleaner; or a paste of baking soda and water. Apply the cleaner to the surface or on a damp sponge and rub gently. Rinse or wipe clean.Specialty products are available. Follow label directions. Follow fixture/tile manufacturer’s care instructions. Some plastic surfaces are not compatible with some cleaners.If the surface is heavily soiled, allow the solution to set on the surface for at least 30 seconds to loosen the dirt.
Furniture Use a non-abrasive, all-purpose cleaner; glass and multi-surface cleaner; or a cleaner-polish. Rinse thoroughly and dry with a clean soft cloth.
Plastic Laminates
Cabinets
Countertops
Clean with a non-abrasive, all-purpose cleaner using a sponge or cloth. Rinse with a sponge or cloth wrung from clean water; dry with a clean, soft cloth, Or, apply a creamy liquid kitchen wax that cleans and protects the surface as it is applied. Apply wax to a dampened cloth and clean a small area (about a square foot) at a time. Buff with a clean, dry cloth while wax is still moist. A specially formulated cleaner can be used to renew countertop surfaces when they become dull and worn looking.Avoid using abrasive cleansers that could dull or bleach products that could alter the colour of the surface.
Portable
Appliances
Use a non-abrasive, all-purpose cleaner. Rinse with clean water and dry with a clean, soft cloth Unplug any appliance before cleaning.
Refrigerator/
Freezer
Interior
To clean the inside walls of a refrigerator or freezer, use a non-abrasive all-purpose cleaner. Or use a solution of 2 tablespoons baking soda to a quart of warm water. Rinse thoroughly and dry with a clean, soft cloth.
Toilet Seats/Lids Clean with a non-abrasive, all-purpose cleaner, using a sponge or cloth. Thoroughly rinse and dry hinge areas and bumpers.
Window Blinds Dust regularly with a clean, soft brush or the brush attachment of a vacuum. To clean, use water and scrub gently with a sponge or soft cloth. Dry with a clean, soft cloth. A furniture polish applied to the slats after cleaning will make dusting and cleaning easier. Follow blind manufacturer’s care instructions.Use furniture polish sparingly to avoid a wax build-up.
Windows/Storm Doors Use a cleaning product formulated for plastics. Household cleaners, cleansers and ammonia should not be used to clean plastic window and storm doors. Streaking in the plastic could occur.
Surface Items Routine Care Special Instructions
Appliance
Exterior
Clean with a non-abrasive, all-purpose cleaner, using a sponge or cloth. Rinse with a sponge or cloth. Or apply a creamy liquid kitchen wax that cleans and protects the surface as it is applied. Apply wax to a dampened cloth and clean a small area (about a square foot) at a time. Buff with a clean, dry cloth while wax is still moist. Wipe up spills and splatters immediately to make cleaning easier and to prevent discolouration from acid-containing spills.Avoid using abrasive cleansers that may scratch the surface.Use wax sparingly to prevent a wax build-up.Do not wipe a hot porcelain surface, like a range top, with a damp cloth as cracking and chipping can result.
Bathtubs
Sinks
Use a tub/tile/sink cleaner or a liquid abrasive or non-abrasive, all purpose cleaner. Apply the cleaner to a damp sponge or directly to the surface. Allow the cleaner to penetrate the soil, then rub or scour. Rinse with clean water. Specialty products are available to help remove soap scum, hard water mineral deposits and rust. Follow label instructions.
Oven Interior Use an oven cleaner for manually cleaned ovens. For cleaning continuous or self-cleaning ovens, follow appliance manufacturer’s instructions. Do not use an oven cleaner on a self-cleaning or continuous cleaning oven. The cleaner may damage the surface.
Range Drip Bowls Soak in a solution of hot water and hand dishwashing detergent. If necessary, use a liquid abrasive cleanser, soap scouring pad or a plastic scouring pad.Porcelain drip bowls can be cleaned in an automatic dishwasher. Clean frequently to prevent soils from building up.To clean difficult soils, remove drip bowl from range, place on newspapers and use oven cleaner, following the manufacturer’s instructions.Do not cover drip bowls with aluminum foil.
Surface Items Routine Care Special Instructions
Asphalt Tile, Linoleum, Rubber Tile, or Vinyl Mix a non-abrasive, all purpose cleaner with warm water according to label directions. Clean the floor surface using a mop, sponge or cloth dipped in the solution and wring out. Change the cleaning solution as necessary.Three categories of floor cleaning products are also available; some that clean, clean and add shine, or just add shine. Follow label directions for proper use. Check with flooring manufacturer for any special care instructions.Read cleaning product label for rinsing instructions; some products require rinsing, others do not.
No-wax Vinyl Flooring Mix a non-abrasive, all-purpose cleaner with warm water according to the package directions. Clean the floor surface using a mop, sponge or cloth dipped in the solution and wrung out. Change the cleaning solution as necessary. Read the cleaning product label for rinsing instructions, as some products require rinsing, others do not. Scratches caused by grinding dirt and grit into the flooring can dull the finish. After a period of time it may be necessary to use some type of polish to help provide protection, fill in scratches and add shine. Use a floor cleaning product that cleans, cleans and shines, or adds shine. Follow label directions for proper use.
Surface Items Routine Care Special Instructions
Toilet Bowls
Inside
Use a toilet bowl cleaner and scrub the inside of the bowl with a toilet brush. Be sure to scrub under the rim of the bowl. Let the solution stand a few minutes; flush.In hard water areas, clean the toilet bowl more frequently. Use a long-handled toilet brush to clean the rim holes, and as far into the trap as possible, in order to prevent mineral deposits from forming. Do not mix different types of toilet bowl cleaners together. For example, remove an in-tank cleaner before using another type of toilet bowl cleaner in the bowl.Do not use a toilet bowl cleaner to clean any surface other than the inside of the toilet bowl.
Toilet Bowls
Outside
Wash the outside of the bowl using a non-abrasive all-purpose cleaner or disinfectant cleaner and a sponge or cloth. Rinse the sponge or cloth and wipe the surfaces.
Surface Items Routine Care Special Instructions
Wall Covering Washable Wallpaper
Test the washability of the surface by first washing an inconspicuous area. Use a special liquid wallpaper cleaner or a non-abrasive, all-purpose cleaner.Unwashable Wallpaper
Use a special product (ground art gum in a bag) or a dough wallpaper cleaner.
Start at the bottom of a wall and work up to the ceiling, overlapping areas as you clean and using a circular motion. In this way, any dirty streaks can be wiped off the clean areas and will not leave marks that are hard to remove.Clean frequently to avoid a build-up of hard-to-remove soil.
Surface Items Routine Care Special Instructions
Cabinets Use a product that cleans finished wood to remove fingerprints, smudges and other soils. A polish or wax may be used if a shine is desired. Buff with a soft cloth. Be sure wood is properly finished. Any substance, even water, used on unfinished or improperly finished wood can damage the surface.
Chopping Block Wash and scour with an abrasive cleanser, using a stiff brush. Rinse thoroughly with sponge. Periodically apply a coating of salad or mineral oil to make the wood more stain resistant. Avoid soaking with water so that the chopping block does not split or warp.
Floors Dust mop or clean with the floor brush attachment of a vacuum cleaner. Use a wood cleaner or either a liquid or paste polish to clean and add a new wax coating. Wipe up spills with a clean, damp sponge or cloth as soon as they occur.If using a water solution, wipe up any excess liquid. Liquids left standing on wood can damage the surface.Remove stubborn spots by rubbing with fine steel wool dipped in a wax. Or use a paste of baking soda and water.
Furniture Use a dusting product to pick up and retain light dust and soil. Product can be sprayed onto the surface or onto a dusting cloth. Remove dust and stains and add shine and protection with a furniture cleaner, cleaner polish or polish. Apply to surface and wipe with a clean, soft cloth. Redwood Furniture
Use a sealer or coating to protect the surface and prevent the wood from turning a mottled grey.
Wall Paneling Use a wood cleaner and conditioner to clean and protect the finish.
Window Blinds Dust when needed using a soft brush or the brush attachment of a vacuum. Use a creamy liquid wax to clean and wax at the same time. Apply furniture polish to the slats after cleaning to make dusting and cleaning easier.Bamboo Blinds
Dust with a soft brush or the dusting attachment of the vacuum cleaner. Do not wash.
Wear cleaning mitts to clean both sides of the slats at once.
Woodwork Use a dusting product to pick up and retain light dust and soil. Product can be sprayed onto the surface or onto a dusting cloth. Remove dust and stains and add shine and protection with a furniture cleaner, cleaner-polish or polish. Apply to surface and wipe with a clean soft cloth.